Diastema, or irregular spacing between the teeth, typically refers to the front two upper teeth. While this may be the most common use of the term, tooth spacing irregularities can occur anywhere in the mouth. No matter how big or small the space, it is a good idea to have the situation reviewed by an orthodontist.
Irregular spacing amongst the teeth is a common problem, and also one that is frequently overlooked. If your child sucks their thumb or suffers from tongue thrusting, they may have gaps or irregular spacing in their front teeth. The flip side of spacing is crowding, and both conditions should be dealt with in a timely and effective manner. Many people do not realize that having open space between the teeth can lead to unwanted conditions such as serious gum disease.
Treatment for tooth spacing includes bonding and retainers
It is important to have these gaps or crowding fixed as they can cause serious damage to the gums, bite, and even the jawbone if left untreated. Fortunately, the treatment for small tooth spacing is quite simple. Bonding, essentially filling in the space between the teeth, is an easy and effective solution. Bonding is essentially the application of a composite on the two teeth surrounding the gap or extra space. The bonding color is matched to the teeth and is virtually unnoticeable.
In some more extreme cases, a retainer or braces may be deemed the most effective treatment. Veneers are another effective option when patients do not want to have to wear braces and the spacing cannot be solved with bonding. Your orthodontist will also inspect the gap or space to ensure that there is no instance of gum disease or inflammation.